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Thomas Jefferson's Garden Book.

Listing of daily edibles in Jefferson's garden.

We have searched the globe far & wide for edibles, foraged & cultivated.

Clark & Sons Emporium

Phila. ~ St. Louis ~ Trade West

"Organic farming & stone ground products reference done in the manner of our forefathers".

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As you do your research on edible foods, wild and planted, you will find that a large number of the available varieties came from Pennsylvania Germans, who brought them from their home lands in Europe from as early as the 1500ís.

References: "Jefferson Garden Book"

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Field Seeds

Flax: Has been grown in the colonies as early as 1560ís, used for linen cloth and a number of other cloth by products. Ariane Flax seed is available today......................

Spelt: A form of wheat with a little difference in texture, was originally from Europe but found its way to the colonies when settled. Spelt Mills were popular during the 1800's in ..............

Gourds: In colonial America, old Mexico and parts of Europe, gourds have been used for a number of storage vessels. They have been cooked, fried, boiled or any other way you can ...........

Vegetables

Beans: Beans were often planted with corn and squash, called "Three Sisters" plantings, the colonists used this Indian method as early as the 1650's. Fisher, Smith, Hutterite and Jacob's ..............

Beets: Native to Europe and N. Africa, their first appearance in N. America is not clear, but reference has been made of them in journals dating to the early 1600's.    .................

Carrots: Member of the parsley family, came to South and North America from Europe and Asia, in the form of animal fodder, with the colonies employment in the early settlements ....

Herbs These herbs are used as medicine, seasonings or just for decoration, all have been dated earlier than 1800.

Caraway: Has some medical uses, licorice taste used on rye bread by early colonists.............

Horehound: Used in teas, candy for sore throat problems .............

Sweet Cicely: Licorice flavor used in cooking for seasoning.

Apples

Baldwin Woodpecker: Found in history around the mid 1700's in southern part of Massachusetts.

Fameuse-Snow Apple: From Canada originally brought there by seed from France around 1600.

Jonathan: A New York farm apple grown as early as 1800.

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In the column on the left will be shown the approximate documented and dated time that the item became available in North America. We have found some items earlier than those listed, but not that common for the working class or local trade.

* Pennsylvania German - before 1750.
** Before 1700 - trade item.
*** Before 1800 - trade item.
@ Northeast - before 1820
# Southwest - before 1830.
+ After 1845.
++ used in a raw state for centuries (no time frame found).  Now available in handy capsules after 1850.

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Barley

BARLEY

Buckwheat

BUCKWHEAT

Corn

CORN

 

  GRAINS & SEEDS
** Wild rice (lg. broken).
* Barley-pearled.
* Lentils.
* Smith beans.
*** Rice (India Import-white).
* Rye-kernel.
* Split pea-yellow.
* Split pea-green.
* French pop-corn.
* Corn yellow (open pollen)
* Corn white (open pollen)
** Corn mult-colored (Native American)

 

Corn Meal

CORNMEAL

Steel Cut

OATS-CUT STEEL

 

  CEREALS & MEALS
@ Blended meal.
* Barley grits.
* Rye-rolled.
* Corn grits.
@ Oats-rolled.
* Oats-steel cut.
* Wheat-course.
* Corn meal.
* Millet meal.

Corn Meal

CORN

Whey

BUCKWHEAT

 

  FLOURS
* Barley
* Buckwheat
* Rye
* Wheat
* Corn
 

 

 

 

Egg Linguini

FETTUCCIN

Egg Spaghettini

STRAW TWISTS

 

  PASTAS

A common trade item on the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers in the late 1700's, but as John Curry and several others agree, it was available for the ones that could afford the price. Not an item a traveler or hunter would likely have. More of an item found in the settlements or at a fort trading post.

** Vermicelli-coils.
** Fettuccin.
** Straw twists.

Le Blanc Walnut Oil

 

  OILS
* Walnut oil-haines.
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 Garlic

GARLIC

Nutmegs

NUTMEG

Ginger

GINGER ROOT

 

  HERBS & SPICES
UNDER CONSTRUCTION

 

 

 

  TEA
UNDER CONSTRUCTION
 

  COFFEE
UNDER CONSTRUCTION

Onion

ORA SALT

 

  SALT
UNDER CONSTRUCTION

 Extract

LICORICE

Lemon Drop

LEMON DROPS

Sticks

STICK

 

  SWEETS
UNDER CONSTRUCTION

 

 

 

 

 

Apple Rings

APPLE

Flame Raisin

RAISINS

Pitted Date

DATES

Pitted Prune

PRUNES

 

  DRIED FRUIT (sun dried)
UNDER CONSTRUCTION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  DRIED MEAT
UNDER CONSTRUCTION

 Peanuts

REDSKIN PEANUTS

Spanish

SPANISH PEANUTS

Filberts

HAZELNUTS

 

  NUTS
UNDER CONSTRUCTION

As new found information becomes available we will show what we found.

"Research is a never ending process".   Thomas Jefferson